Covid-19 in the UK: How many coronavirus cases are there in your area?

By The Visual and Data Journalism Team
BBC News

Members of the public queue at a mass Covid-19 testing site in the Liverpool Tennis centre at Wavertree Sports Park on 5 January.

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There have been more than 2.7 million confirmed cases of coronavirus in the UK and over 75,000 people have died, government figures show.

However, these figures include only people who have died within 28 days of testing positive for coronavirus and other measures suggest the number of deaths is higher.

Find out how the pandemic has affected your area and how it compares with the national average:

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If you can’t see the look-up click here.

Daily cases at record level

Coronavirus cases are now rising fast again, driven by a new variant of the virus thought to be much more easily transmissible than other strains.

A further 60,916 confirmed cases were announced by the government on Tuesday – the highest daily figure reported since testing became more widely available.

Chief Medical Officer for England Chris Whitty says the UK case rate increased by 70% in the two weeks to 30 December.

Around one in 50 people in England are estimated to have the virus, according to a new estimate from the Office for National Statistics.

It is thought the infection rate was much higher than was evident from the reported number of cases during the first peak in spring. Testing capacity was too limited to detect the true number of daily cases.

After the first peak in April, infections started rising again in July, with the rate of growth increasing sharply in September and October. It fell in November before rising steeply in December.

Although the new variant is now spreading more rapidly than the original version, it is not believed to be more deadly.

Where are cases high?

Cases have risen sharply in Wales and Northern Ireland, while London, the South East and East have the highest estimated rate of people with coronavirus in England.

The darker orange and red areas on the map below show the areas currently seeing the highest number of cases per 100,000 people.

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Deaths rising again

The average number of daily deaths began to rise again in September, following the first peak in Spring.

On Tuesday, the government announced a further 830 deaths.

Of those, 784 were in England, 18 in Northern Ireland, 17 in Wales and 11 in Scotland.

Rules were amended over the summer to include deaths in the coronavirus total only if they occurred within 28 days of a positive test. Previously in England, all deaths after a positive test were included.

England has seen the majority of UK deaths from Covid-19. Using the 28-day cut-off, there have been more than 65,000.

Hospitals under increasing pressure

With more than 26,000 Covid-19 patients in England alone, hospital caseloads are now well above the level seen in the spring.

NHS England’s Chief Health Executive Sir Simon Stevens has said that health workers are now “back in the eye of the storm” as coronavirus cases rise.

However, the picture does vary among the nations and regions.

London, the South East and the East of England have seen the biggest increases in recent weeks.

The most recent figures from Wales show 1,843 patients in hospital, while Scotland has 1,040 and Northern Ireland 513.

It is hoped the rollout of two vaccines against Covid-19 to the most vulnerable in the UK will help reduce the number of people requiring hospital treatment.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson says 1.1 million people have now been vaccinated in England, and 1.3 million across the UK.

New restrictions announced

All four UK nations are now under lockdown, with primary and secondary schools closed to most pupils.

People have been told to stay at home, other than for limited purposes such as essential food shopping, medical appointments and work which cannot be performed in the home.

Exercise outside the home is limited to once a day.

The England lockdown will be reviewed on 15 February, and in Wales schools will be closed until at least 18 January.

Scotland’s restrictions are expected to be in place for at least four weeks, while Northern Ireland began a six-week lockdown on 26 December.

Death toll could be above 80,000

When looking at the overall death toll from coronavirus, official figures count deaths in three different ways.

Government figures count people who died within 28 days of testing positive for coronavirus.

But there are two other measures.

The first includes all deaths where coronavirus was mentioned on the death certificate, even if the person had not been tested for the virus. The most recent figures suggest there had been more than 82,000 deaths by 18 December.

The second measure counts all deaths over and above the usual number at the time of year – that figure was nearly 83,000 by the same date.

The most recent figures available from the ONS are for the week ending 18 December, which show there were 14,627 deaths registered in the UK.

Some 3,300 of these deaths involved Covid-19 – up from just over 3,000 the previous week.

Deaths normally do rise at this time of the year, but the data from the ONS and its counterparts in Scotland and Northern Ireland show the second wave of the virus has pushed the death rate above the average seen over the past five years by about 11%.

Overall, the figures are still well below the peak of 9,495 Covid-19 related deaths recorded in a week, reached on 17 April.

What is the R number in the UK?

The “R number” is the average number of people an infected person will pass the disease on to.

If R is below one, then the number of people contracting the disease will fall; if it is above one, the number will grow.

The government’s current estimate for the R number across the whole of the UK is 1.1 to 1.3.

The estimate for England is 1.1 to 1.4, Scotland is 0.9 to 1.1, Wales is 1.0 to 1.3 and in Northern Ireland it is 1.05 to 1.25.

The government has said in the past that the R number is one of the most important factors in making policy decisions.

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